Need Any Help?

Speak with a human to filling out a form? call corporate office and we will connect you with a team member who can help.

Chat Service 24H



Subsea Pipelines - Flexible

Subsea Pipelines - Flexible

Flexible subsea pipelines, also known as flexible risers or flowlines, are an essential component of offshore oil and gas production systems. They are used to transport fluids, such as oil, gas, and water, between subsea wells and production facilities located on offshore platforms or onshore processing facilities.

Unlike rigid pipelines, which are made of steel and are relatively inflexible, flexible pipelines are constructed using a combination of specialized materials, including layers of polymer and steel wires. This design allows the pipelines to be highly flexible, enabling them to adapt to the movement and contours of the seabed and withstand the harsh environmental conditions found in offshore locations.

Here are some key features and advantages of flexible subsea pipelines:

  1. Flexibility: The primary advantage of flexible pipelines is their ability to bend and deform, which makes them suitable for installation in challenging seabed conditions, including uneven terrain, steep slopes, and areas prone to landslides. The flexibility also helps accommodate movements caused by waves, currents, and thermal expansion.
  2. Fatigue resistance: Flexible pipelines are designed to withstand cyclic loading and bending, which can occur due to waves, vessel motions, or changes in water depth. They are engineered with materials and construction techniques that provide excellent fatigue resistance, ensuring a long operational life.
  3. Lighter weight and easier installation: Compared to rigid pipelines, flexible pipelines are generally lighter, making them easier to transport, handle, and install. They can be spooled onto large reels and transported to the installation site on a vessel. Once at the installation site, they are unspooled and deployed using various installation methods, including reel-lay, J-lay, or S-lay.
  4. Corrosion resistance: Flexible pipelines are typically constructed with materials that offer high resistance to corrosion, such as polymers and corrosion-resistant alloys. This reduces the need for corrosion protection measures, such as coatings or sacrificial anodes, which are commonly required for steel pipelines.
  5. Increased operational flexibility: Flexible pipelines provide greater freedom in the design and layout of subsea production systems. Their flexibility allows for easier routing around obstacles and subsea structures, enabling more efficient field development and production strategies.
  6. Enhanced safety: The flexibility of these pipelines helps to mitigate the risk of damage caused by external factors, such as seabed movement, earthquakes, or vessel impacts. They can absorb dynamic loads and reduce the transmission of forces to connected equipment, enhancing overall system safety.

It's important to note that the design and engineering of flexible subsea pipelines require careful consideration of factors such as fluid properties, operating conditions, seabed conditions, and project-specific requirements. The installation, inspection, and maintenance of these pipelines also require specialized techniques and equipment to ensure their integrity and reliability over their operational lifespan.